Each team will have one goalkeeper and six field players. Unlike most sports, there is little positional play as each field player is often asked to play multiple positions over the course of a match. All six field players also have to play defense, which is usually mirrored from how they position on offense.
Often the closest player to the net, and typically score the most goals for their team due to their close proximity. They’re also responsible for directing their team’s plays.
There are often two wing players in the pool for each team. They are located on or near the 2-meter line, just outside the goal posts.
They will start at the 5-meter line and then drive towards the net and pass the ball out to their teammates in hopes of generating better shots.
There is one point for each team and they are usually lined up as the furthest player from the goal. They’re on, or behind, the 5-meter line and usually in the middle of the goal.
The goalkeeper’s main role in water polo is blocking shots. They are the only players allowed to punch the ball with a clenched fist, and touch the ball with two hands.