Wheelchair Rugby was invented in 1977 by a Canadian group of quadriplegic athletes who were looking for a sport that would allow players with reduced arm and hand function to participate equally. Originally known as “murderball” because of its intense physical nature, the sport’s name was changed to “quad rugby,” but it is also commonly known as wheelchair rugby. By 1993 wheelchair rugby was officially recognized as a sport for athletes with disabilities and the International Wheelchair Rugby Federation was founded. In 1994 Wheelchair Rugby was recognized by the International Paralympic Committee as a Paralympic sport allowing the first Wheelchair Rugby Wheelchair Rugby World Championships to be held in Switzerland the following year. Wheelchair Rugby then made its Paralympic debut as a demonstration event in Atlanta in 1996. It became a medal sport in Sydney in 2000, where the United States won the gold medal.