Specific exercises for proper hockey training program design should include exercises that improve target movements that we utilize out on the ice.
Put very simply, compound exercises are multi-joint movements that involve several muscle groups. These exercises consist primarily of the traditional strength training and bodybuilding movements – things like squats, deadlifts, chin ups, bench press and rows all apply here.
In sports science it’s very fair to classify compound movement as “general” exercises because they don’t really represent any exact sport specific movements patterns that you would see during competition.
But it’s not to say they aren’t beneficial – compound movements create a massive indirect benefit for functional outputs in athletes by increasing their muscle mass, strength, bone density, motor unit activation, and connective tissue health.